To compare the Roman Republic to the Athenian Democracy, I would like to note that in both governments, the people had a say in the decisions that were made. In direct democracy, everybody made decisions. This differed from the republic, because the people chose who would make decisions. In the republic, they had two consuls in charge. In Athens, every citizen had a say in every decision. Both governments were the first of their kind.
One idea created by the Romans that we see in our modern world today is the system of checks and balances. This is where one part of the government has the ability to restrict the power of another part of the government. It is used today when we veto laws created by the congress. Another idea seen today is tripartite government. Rome and the USA split the government into three branches. Today, they are executive, legislative, and judicial. Lastly, Rome had a senate. Today, we have a senate in our congress.
1. Patricians inherited power and social status from their parents.
2. Plebeians were barred by law from holding important government positions.
3. In 451 BC, the Twelve Tables were publicly displayed.
4. An accused person is innocent until proven guilty in Rome, similar to America today.
5. Citizens were all adult male landowners in Rome.
From the chart at the end of this video, you should be able to answer this question:
Who were the consuls elected by?